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'Whatever you do, do it well'
The Curriculum Gift that we give to our children...
To ensuring our children can read easily, fluently and with good understanding. To read to themselves or to others (peers and adults) To read to a variety of audiences and to hear adults and children read to them. To read regularly and to develop a respect for books, language and literature.
More Information about Reading.
By the end of Year 6, we want children to be able to understand the concepts below and to be able to answer these key questions about them. These aspects help children to undertake key practices and make connections independently.
Decoding – How can we apply our knowledge of phonics to sound out unfamiliar words?
Meaning – What does a word mean and how does it affect a sentence or text as a whole?
Retrieval – How can we find information or key details from a text?
Comprehension – How can we understand, interpret and process what we have read in order to form conclusions?
Summarising – How can we identify the most important parts of the text and recall the main points and ideas?
Inference – How can we use the information we already know and clues within the text to help us understand the meaning of the text as a whole?
Predicting – How can we connect our existing knowledge to make informed predictions based around the text we have read?
Language – How is the meaning of a text enhanced through the choice of words and phrases?
Comparing – How can we make comparisons within a text and use our existing knowledge of texts to compare them with other texts?
These skills are developed across the curriculum through the teaching of reading, writing, speaking and listening. Oracy (the ability to express oneself fluently and grammatically in speech) is at the heart of our overall curricular approach, and so English is in many ways at the heart of our curriculum.
English is an integral part of the curriculum within our school. We use a Mastery approach to embed reading, writing and speaking and listening skills into everything we do to ensure our children are confident, articulate and fluent in every area of Literacy and beyond. With these skills, children are encouraged to discuss, question and discover the world and subjects around them.
We use the Read, Write Inc ( Taddington) and Little Wandle ( Peak Dale and Dove) scheme of work for teaching phonics and Early Reading.
Concepts constantly revisited to help children to remember!
Intent, Implementation, Impact.
At our school we believe that reading is an essential life skill, integral to a child’s understanding and appreciation of the world around them. We understand that a good grasp of English is the bedrock of the entire curriculum and that children who are confident and adept readers and writers will be empowered to succeed in other areas.
Our reading curriculum strives to balance the instruction of cognitive reading processes which develop the children’s technical and comprehension skills, and experiences which foster a lifelong love of reading.
Our Reading curriculum is delivered through synthetic phonics, our book-based English curriculum, guided reading, home reading, reading across the curriculum, regular opportunities for independent reading and hearing quality texts read aloud every day. All of these are essential components as they offer the range of opportunities needed to develop fluent, enthusiastic and critical readers.
Early Reading and Phonics
Synthetic phonics is the first formal method for the teaching of reading that we use as it provides the foundations required to become a fluent reader. We understand that once children are able to decode fluently, the teaching of comprehension is quicker and more effective as they are able to focus all of their attention to understanding what they read. Daily, fast paced, highly interactive and challenging lessons ensure effective learning and progress.
We use the Read Write Inc synthetic phonics programme ( Taddington) and Little Wandle (Dove and Peak Dale) to teach our children the core skills of segmenting and blending and to start them on their ‘reading journey’. We want our children’s experience of Phonics to be immersive and connected, so, our book based Writing curriculum has been resequenced so that in Reception,Year 1 and Year 2, children are taught the graphemes and their corresponding phonemes and they area able to resist these through our book-based Literacy Curriculum
Children in Reception and Year 1 have a daily Read, Write Inc Phonics session. Our Phonics lessons follow the same format each time, with this repetition helping to embed the learning. The lesson progression goes as follows:
Hear the sound
Read the sound
Review previous sounds
Read the words (looking at decodable words as well as practising sight words)
Spell with Fred Fingers
In Reception, we work to secure up to Phase 4 of Letters and Sounds. We also regularly identify any graphemes that the children are finding difficult and revisit them, and it is this consolidation that ensures that children’s foundations are firm.
Children who are identified as not being on track to pass the phonics screening check receive additional intervention support, including active phonics sessions and 1:1 or small group sessions focused on their individual areas of need.
In year 2, children who did not pass the phonics screening check continue to receive daily phonics lessons alongside the Year 1 children. Those Year 2 children who pass the Phonics screening check and are secure with their sounds move onto a spelling-focused Phonics session. This involves them using their Phonics knowledge to write dictated sentences.
If a child still needs extra Phonics support in KS2, they join the KS1 lessons as a helper, as well as receiving additional intervention support. KS2 staff receive phonics training, ensuring that they have a secure understanding of how Phonics has been taught to the children so that they are able to mirror KS1 pedagogy to support children in their day-to-day lessons.
All children in Foundation Stage and Key Stage One receive one-to-one reading; the frequency of which is determined by their needs. In these sessions and for their home reading, children read two books: one phonically levelled text and one benchmarked book at their decodability level to ensure that their comprehension skills are also developed.
The reading of common exception words is threaded through phonics sessions and shared and guided reading. To allow for further consolidation, these words are sent home with children to ensure continuous practise.
Children’s progress in phonics is continually reviewed through periodic phonic assessments and evidence from their reading and writing. Through these, teachers identify the graphemes that need to be addressed which then informs groupings. In June, the national Phonics Screening Check is undertaken to confirm that the children have learned to decode to an age appropriate standard and determines what level of provision they will require the following year. In Key Stage One, regular assessment of the children’s decoding and comprehension is undertaken through PM Benchmarking.
Guided and whole class Reading
From Foundation Stage through to the end of KS2, our Guided and Whole class text analysis sessions balance the teaching of reading between word reading, wider decoding skills, comprehension strategies and response to text, in order to develop fluent readers who understand what they are reading. Comprehension is taught from an early age to prevent comprehension difficulties arising as the language demand of the texts they encounter increases. We believe that it is important that children read for meaning because, not only does a lack of comprehension create a barrier to educational attainment, but also because children who comprehend better are more likely to be motivated readers.
Guided Reading is taught in Reception and KS1 via the Read Write Inc Phonics books ( Little Wandle at Dove and Peak Dale), providing strong and meaningful links with our Phonics teaching. Children take part in weekly Guided Reading sessions in small groups. These groups, as well as the level and pace of the sessions, are dictated by the children’s ability level. Guided Reading starts in Reception in the Spring term, after children have learnt and embedded all of their initial sounds and first sight words. This model is continued throughout Year 1, as well as Year 2 where it is deemed appropriate. Once the children’s ability has progressed beyond the Grey level Phonics books, they move onto the Reading A-Z Close Reading which is used throughout KS2.
From Year 2 through to Year 6, our focused reading sessions are taught via Reading A-Z Whole class text analysis sessions. These sessions promote careful analysis of text while building the 21st century skills of critical thinking, collaboration, and communication. In Close Reading, students consider a Key Question as they read passages on a common topic, and then participate in small-group and whole-class discussions. Children complete each of these lessons over the course of a week, in focused 15-minute sessions.
The key skills focussed on in these sessions cover the objectives set out in the National Curriculum as well as the strategies that evidence based educational research has found make a good reader. Progression is ensured through the strategic planning of reading across the school.
Day 1) The children are introduced to the extract, read it a few times and then using three different colours annotate using black pen- any background knowledge they can find and link in the text, blue pen- any predictions they can make about the text, green pen- any vocabulary they are unfamiliar with and the meaning of the word.
Day 2) The children re-read the text and discuss questions in pairs/small groups.
Day 3) The children re-read the text for a third time. They answer more in-depth questions independently as a written response.
Reading judgements are secured through the triangulation of test data, evidence from the pupil and the curriculum. Our outcome data comes from NFER, SATs and Accelerate Reader – both from AR test outcomes and the termly Star Reader tests. Evidence from the pupil is through their Atos/ benchmark book level and where appropriate, pupil profiling. Finally, evidence from the curriculum is gathered from their reading journals, English books and guided reading session notes. Where children are found to be having difficulties with their reading, pupil profiling, which is an in depth comprehension assessment, is used to identify what might be causing the child’s difficulties in understanding the text. During pupil profiling, children will read aloud a short extract of text and answer questions based on it indicating which reading strategies they need to develop. As a result, if a need is identified, the child will receive coaching to address this.
Reading for Pleasure and Home Reading
It is important that children are motivated to read at home regularly; when their reading miles increase, so does their fluency and stamina which in turn increases their enjoyment of reading. Therefore, the link between children’s motivation to read and reading for pleasure is reciprocal. Furthermore, we know that reading pleasure is beneficial not only for reading outcomes, but for wider learning enjoyment and mental wellbeing. Thus, we work hard to foster a love of independent reading and build communities of engaged readers. We understand the significance of parents and carers in supporting their children to develop both word reading and comprehension skills so we endeavour to build a home-school partnership which enables parents and carers to have the confidence to support their children with reading at home.
Our class libraries allow children to immerse themselves in the wonderful world of books. They are stocked with a range of fiction and non-fiction to support every ability and reading choice and encompass the latest reading trends and classic texts that should be part of every child’s primary school experience- building the children’s cultural capital. To give the children a greater sense of ownership of their class libraries they are involved in the book purchasing process. We ensure that the books they can choose to read independently are culturally diverse.
To promote parental engagement in home reading, we have created reading bookmarks which focus on a different reading skill each week (including the Totally Pawsome Gang characters who support us with these skills). Information and question stems on the bookmark guide parents with how to address these skills. There is space on these bookmarks for parents to sign every time their child has read and the children are then entered into a reading raffle with the chance to win a book if they read 6 times in a week.
The frequent reading aloud of good quality picture books, short stories, chapter books, poetry and non-fiction is part of our whole school routine and there is dedicated curriculum time for this. This is in acknowledgement of the fact that children who are regularly read to, do better both socially and academically.
Children also have access to RAZ kids where they are able to access texts and reading comprehension questions pitched at their personal reading level.
Whilst children are still on our levelled reading scheme, we use PM Benchmarking each half term to ensure that they are accessing reading books at the correct level for them. Alongside books from our main reading scheme, children from Reception through to KS2 also take home a phonetically decodable book. We are working on grading our class libraries using Atos book levels which will enable the children to select reading books at an appropriate level even when they have progressed beyond our main reading scheme. It is through these processes that we ensure progression in the children’s home reading.
Subject Leadership Snap Shot
Specific components are taught through explicit explanations. Phoneme/grapheme correspondence and key comprehension skills. In KS1 this is through our reading characters in KS2 through the EEF recommended metacognitive skills. Phonics is taught daily from the start of Reception using Read Write Inc ( Taddington) and Little Wandle (Dove and Peak Dale) The phonics code is used daily (decoding to read and encoding to spell?)
Gaps and misconceptions in reading are identified using Star Reading Assessment and on our school tracker. The knowledge and skills identified on our progression documents are assessed individually so that we can identify and address gaps and misconceptions. PM bench marking is used to assess reading fluency to ensure that above all, this remains a key focus throughout school. Reading Fluency is kept in check regularly using our assessment criteria and where necessary interventions are put into place to support children develop within this crucial area.
We generate enthusiasm and interest by way of planning writing around inspirational high quality texts, developing a spoken language framework and through weaving debate into our curricula and extra curricular provision. We have an annual ' just a minute' poetry competition across the Federation focusing learning poetry by heart and on literary/dramatic arts. Daily reading for pleasure time, class novels and story time in the EYFS take high priority. We have an annual 'Readathon' event that encourages wider reading and increased home reading. Pupils choose new books for the school library with the funds that they raise.
Parent information evenings take place regularly so that they know what they can do to help at home.
We have high expectations on adults and children's spoken vocabulary in school and many of our curriculum planning documents outline terms/terminology and texts are matched to children's vocabulary knowledge.
In our mixed-age classes we plan a rolling programme of texts ensuring that pupils do
not repeat learning. Our mixed age plans are differentiated so that all pupils can access learning
Our Reading subject leads for KS1 and KS2 lead Reading across all schools within the Federation, accessing subject-specific training and guidance. Whole Federation feedback and subject development meetings take place half termly enabling English leads to work closely with all other subject leaders.
All teaching staff know about the teaching of phonics including in our Junior phase. Staff who teach phonics daily access regular training and development.
We work closely with feeder schools on Reading transition projects and with Nursery and Pre-School settings to ensure that our children have the best possible transitions.